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Automation of Industrial Ventilation Systems
At present, it is essential that any industrial ventilation process has an adequate automation system in order to guarantee optimal operating conditions.
Automation is defined as the performance of certain activities without the intervention of any person, in this case using technology to control ventilation equipment. To better understand the concept of automation, it can be represented as follows: Automation of Industrial Ventilation Systems
The control of a ventilation system has many advantages for users, such as:
Electric energy saving.
Increase the useful life of the equipment by soft starts.
Guarantee exact and precise points of operation of the Fans.
Supervise with a monitor the status of the system, stops, starts, flows, etc.
How to perform automation in ventilation?
Advances in technology have made it possible to achieve complete control of ventilation equipment through a set of devices, with something as simple as soft starters or with frequency inverters, we can achieve significant energy savings, we can also implement temperature sensors, CO2, actuators and even vibration sensors that, through a communication device such as a PLC (microcontroller), can manage to process the signals from the controls and achieve ventilation that is more focused on results.
The control can be as simple or complex as desired, for example, we can implement a system through an industrial protocol network to which all the ventilation equipment is connected through a server with a Supervision Control and Data Acquisition. Data (SCADA), which will allow monitoring and responding to control all the desired points in the system.
The information that is typically monitored and automated is the following:
Flow or air flow.
Electric Power Consumption.
Environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity.
Currently, one of the most important trends in ventilation equipment is the implementation of electronically commutated motors, which allow many of the functions described above, also in some cases presence, humidity, pressure sensors are included directly in the fans. and temperature, this makes the equipment more autonomous every day without having to interact with the user, they learn on their own from the environment and achieve the results for which they were programmed.
Although implementing an automation system implies an additional initial cost, which must be amortized in a short time to be profitable, it is possible to reduce operating costs and also the risk of human error, especially when implemented in emergency systems. ; the advantages are innumerable and in a short time said about cost will be forgotten.
When talking about automation in a process ventilation system, the implementation becomes more competitive, reduces production times and increases the certainty so that the system operates in a safer and more precise way, there are processes where a failure in an equipment of ventilation can mean innumerable economic losses for which automation must be considered as an essential part of the system and not just an option.
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