furniture making from tube to chair
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In the 1920s S, the bike Marcel Brewer bought while teaching at Bauhaus was not only an architect\'s vehicle, but also an inspiration for the tubular steel furniture he designed from 1925 to 1928.
A friend told Brewer that in the bicycle factory they bent steel pipes like macaroni.
These comments became the idea behind the chair. The tube-
When Brewer began designing tubular furniture, the already outdated bending process was still the basis for today\'s manufacturing --
It is still one of the most direct ways to shape furniture with raw materials.
But the bender used at Noel International shares the floor with many other more sophisticated machines, which makes the authorized Brewer chair.
Chair like Cesca Armchair in Brewer today, although it is very high
The emergence of technology is almost an industrial primitive.
The appearance of a chair like Cesca may continue to embody the production concept that originally inspired it, but during its production life, its manufacturing environment has changed dramatically.
Although Brewer\'s tubular chair was once sold for a pair of shoes in Weimar, Germany, the price of Cesca is now $625.
Furniture made in the image of industrial design is not necessarily produced in large quantities on a continuous assembly line.
Robert Longwell, technical service manager, factory, Greenville, East, Pa.
New York architect Richard Mel\'s new modern furniture production line at Noel is actually a \"Workbench operation,\" he said \".
Another modern work, wire.
The Berbertoia chair requires a lot of manual operation.
When Noel used craft to make some work, companies like Baker furniture --
Companies specializing in copying traditional wooden furniture-
High production volume
Pre-designed quality furniture
An industrial era with advanced machines and more traditional electric tools.
The Mocksville factory is one of eight Baker factories, producing about 21,000 pieces per year.
The image of Baker furniture may be traditional, but the production process is as industrial as Noel
A large international company selling about $0. 12 billion in the United States.
It takes five factory hours to produce Siska chairs;
So is the Baker wood side table.
Advertising of several pieces of furniture
Even those like the Cesca chair are designed to express its production process --
Really explain the way they make from their appearance.
At Noel\'s, Greg Morder.
A mechanic described Brewer\'s armchair as \"16-bend chair\'\' -
Pre-cut the length of the pipe, put it into the sequential winding machine, and in about a minute, through several quick moves, the straight pipe will be bent five times for the first time.
After more than 11 times of bending and drilling holes in the seat and back screw holes, other workers cover the end of the open tube with stainless steel, and effortlessly grind the cap before the frame is sent to Ohio for chrome plating.
Grinding takes more time than bending.
Like many Knoll furniture, the Cesca chair is not produced continuously. Mr.
\"We\'re not just going out for the bulk,\" longweiler said.
When you talk about Noel, the first image that comes to mind is stainless steel
Steel furniture like a Barcelona chair.
We are committed to these works.
\"Well, Noel continues to produce some classic works, even if the quantity is small.
According to the special order, the company will install the machine for the 18 footpads of Eero Saarinen.
The plant remains and still uses the original
Worn out machines, given their role in furniture design this century, are almost considered historical industrial antiques.
In this company dedicated to the potential of machine design, there is an element of industrial sentiment that keeps a certain low profile.
Profit in production.
In fact, some of Noel\'s state-of-the-art machines are used to make wooden furniture, and for this reason, much more production space is allocated than metal furniture.
There is a machine that can make the performance of wood to achieve the accuracy of metal.
\"Within an inch,\" he said . \"Longwell.
Whether in Noel or Baker, modern or traditional, most of the wood furniture is veneered, and most of the efforts of both plants are made to produce near-perfect wood surfaces.
Michael Simshaw, factory manager, Baker plant, moxville, New YorkC.
We are proud of our veneer.
Baker has many exotic veneers.
Baker and Knoll use similar technology to apply the veneer to materials such as chip cores.
The veneer is sliced from the sample wood --
The best logs are kept on the veneer. Mr.
Hinshaw says veneers are a very old process, and Baker uses veneers, \"because you can do a lot of things that you can\'t do with solid wood.
Its wide surface, such as a table top or chest, is veneered, while the legs or arms are solid.
When laying a veneer for the surface, the paper is carefully matched or bound into a book;
Their hearts are centered on the overall pattern.
The ad, he said, \"scratches are a real hassle for us \".
Hinshaw, from the early stages of making wooden furniture, has been very careful to avoid them in order to reduce remediation polishing at the later stage.
Choose the finish of Baker to show the texture of the wood without covering up the flaws.
Each piece of furniture has its special path through the machine set up by the Baker factory
No assembly line.
At a certain point, the assembled single piece parts.
Fragments of British yew bow
For example, the front chest retails for $1160 and takes 14 industrial hours to assemble into a large furniture clip that holds the front chest together with glue
No nails were used for Baker furniture.
The finishing includes many steps and products, and furniture manufacturers keep their varnish recipes confidential.
Baker uses a combination of a variety of products and includes additional steps to highlight a piece of furniture with accent staining to give some irregularities.
In Baker and Noel, other companies produce furniture parts in other factories.
Baker, however, prefers himself
Enough to import smaller specialty products, such as floral inlay made in France.
All parts of the different chairs that are widely popular-
One of two works produced continuously by East Greenville
Manufactured elsewhere by the factory with appropriate tools and then assembled at Greenville factory.
Noel produces furniture with simple lines;
Baker makes furniture that looks complicated.
Some Knoll furniture is handmade more than expected, and Baker produces furniture in an amazing standardized process.
Ironically, the design intentions of the two companies are very different, and they have developed more common production methods than their styles suggest.
Noel furniture can be purchased through designers and architects, while Baker furniture can be purchased at major department stores.
Many companies produce replicas of traditional furniture, cabin furniture in Wake Forest, N. C.
, Is one of the few also has a new
Created a process production process close to the way furniture was originally made.
10,000 in Cabin Creeksquare-foot-
The factory, each piece of furniture was started and completed by the same craftsman: one person, one cook.
7 artisans and 3 assistants produce about 15 pieces of traditional pine furniture from 41 different pieces of furniture each day.
Total annual wholesale is about $250,000.
The company is owned by interior designer Martha McKee;
Her husband George runs the company as president.
\"We don\'t make much money like this,\" he said \".
But everyone is very happy.
They like their work and we make a living by them.
\"The retail price of this furniture ranges from $12 for the candle holder to $650 for the three-in-one dresser.
They used solid pine trees.
Mackie explain is a traditional material in the area. Mr. and Mrs.
Mackie chose to copy the local Southern work: \"We copied my great work --
Great grandfather\'s chestthe pencil-
\"Point bed is like the one my grandmother had when she got married,\" he said . \".
\"There is also a plantation similar to my wife\'s grandfather.
\"Each craftsman works according to a certain specification, picking wood, matching parts, changing proportions, and finally marking his own furniture. Some, says Mr.
Mackie, prefers \"clear all the way, no knot\" wood, while others may try \"to texture the top of the dresser with knots and patterns on the wood \".
\"The craftsman may arrange 8 to 10 pieces and pick 3 for the top,\" he added . \".
The result is a personal imprint of furniture with artisans and wood. Mr.
Mackie believes that the process is satisfactory because each craftsman can come to a conclusion rather than writing it down.
\'I don\'t like mass-produced products,\' he said.
When they go home, they can tell you what they do, where they start and where they stop.
We are very proud of our work.
\"A version of this article appears on page C00001, national edition, November 10, 1983, with the title: furniture manufacturing from tubes to chairs.